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Subject & Objects
 


Definition - The subject is the person or thing that is or does what the verb says. Different kinds of words can be the subject of a sentence (nouns, pronouns, etc.) A subject can also consist of more than one word.

Examples:
             • Dieses Land ist Österreich. [This country is Austria.]
             • Morgen werden wir nach Hamburg fliegen. [Tomorrow we will fly to Hamburg.]


Objects are people or things on the receiving end of the action expressed by the verb, either directly (direct object) or indirectly (indirect object).

Examples of direct object:
             • Ich höre die Musik. [I hear the music.]
             • Ingrid macht eine Schokoladentorte. [Ingrid makes a chocolate cake.]

Examples of indirect object:
             • Der Briefträger bringt dir die Post. [The postman brings the mail to you.]
             • Die Blumen sind für Frau Zimmermann. [The flowers are for Mrs Zimmermann.]


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