Definition - Adjectives are words that describe
and give information about nouns.
Types - The following is a list of the most
common types of adjectives.
Qualifying adjectives express characteristics of people, things, places,
limpio [clean], azul [blue], oscuro [dark], importante
[important], viejo [old], ...
Numerals define the number of nouns:
treinta [thirty], seiscientos [six hundred], ...
Demonstrative adjectives refer to location:
aquélla [that], ...
Use - In Spanish, the adjectives change
their form depending on the nouns to which they refer. Some adjectives
are invariable, but most adjectives are written with endings that change
according to the gender (masculine or feminine) and the number (singular
or plural) of the nouns.
Examples of Spanish adjectives:
El libro es grueso y pesado.
[The book is thick and heavy.]
La chica es tímida. [The
girl is shy.]
Aquellos hombres están alegres.
[Those men are happy.]
Hay una mesa marrón. [There
is a brown table.]
Usually, in Spanish the adjective follows the noun. However, the adjective
can be placed before the noun for reasons of style or to stress how the
qualities defined by the adjective are essential to the person, thing,
place, or idea described. Sometimes the position of the adjective and
the relating noun may cause a change in spelling and in meaning.
Examples of changes in spelling and meaning:
Este libro es grande. [This book
Éste es un gran libro. [This
is a great book.]
El señor Morales es un buen
profesor. [Mr Morales is a good teacher - He is good at his work.]
El señor Morales es un profesor bueno.
[Mr Morales is a good teacher. - He is a good person.]