Definition - As the name suggests, conjunctions
are words that join other words, clauses, or sentences:
o [or], sino [but], si [if], porque [because],
Types - There are many types of conjunctions
that indicate different kinds of connection: inclusion, alternative, exclusion,
contrast, time, manner, cause, effect, purpose, condition, doubt, etc.
Sometimes pairs of conjunctions are used together to connect different
words or groups of words within the sentence.
Coordinating conjunctions link clauses of the same kind, for instance
main clauses that express ideas with the same importance in the overall
meaning of the sentence.
Subordinating conjunction introduce subordinate clauses, which are clauses
that depend on the rest of the sentence to make complete sense.
Examples of Spanish conjunctions:
El tren parte de
Salamanca y va hasta Madrid.
leaves from Salamanca and goes to Madrid.]
es bueno, pero es caro.
is good, but it is expensive.]
tres o las cuatro?
[Is it three
or four o'clock?]
es ni una maleta amarilla ni
una bolsa roja, sino una cartera marrón.
[This is neither
a yellow suitcase nor a red bag, but a brown wallet.]