Definition - A sentence is a group of words
that includes a finite verb.
Sentences are made up of phrases and clauses: phrases are groups of words
that are used together to express a certain idea; clauses are phrases
that contain a verb. In a sentence composed of more than one clause, the
main clause is the clause that makes sense on its own; subordinate clauses
are other clauses that give additional information, but cannot stand alone.
Examples of Spanish sentences:
Me llamo Manuel.
[My name is
Si quieres llegar a tiempo, tienes que darte prisa.
[If you want
to be in time, you have to hurry up.]
Pablo vive en el centro de la ciudad, pero le gustaría mudarse
cerca de la playa.
in the center of the town, but he would like to move closer to the beach.]
Types - This is a short list of different
kinds of sentences:
Declarative sentences are statements. These sentences are sometimes referred
to as 'positive' sentences to distinguish them from negative sentences.
El libro es barato.
[The book is inexpensive.]
Ayer fuimos a la
playa. [Yesterday we went to the beach.]
La cerveza está
fría. [The beer is cold.]
Negative sentences express a negation.
Este libro no
es caro. [This book is not expensive.]
fuimos al cine. [We did not go to the movies.]
La cerveza no
está caliente. [The beer is not warm.]
Interrogative sentences are questions:
el libro un euro? [Does the book cost
fuisteis ayer? [Where do you go yesterday?]
está la cerveza? [How is the beer?]
Note: a system of double
punctuation is used in Spanish. Therefore, an inverted question mark
is placed at the beginning of an interrogative sentence.