Definition - The subject is the person or
thing that is or does what the verb
says. Different kinds of words can be the subject of a sentence (nouns,
pronouns, etc.) A subject
can also consist of more than one word.
país es Argentina. [This country is Argentina.]
viene de Bolivia. [Maria comes from Bolivia.]
Note: in Spanish when the personal pronouns are subjects of the verb,
they are usually not expressed because the verb alone indicates who performs
Ahora voy. = Ahora
yo voy. [I go now.]
algo? = ¿Necesitas tú algo?
[Do you need anything?]
Objects are people or things on the receiving end of the action expressed
by the verb, either directly (direct object) or indirectly (indirect object).
Examples of direct object:
billetes. [We buy the tickets.]
Concha hace un
pastel. [Concha is making a cake.]
Examples of indirect object:
Angel se olvidó
de dar el regalo a su hermana. [Angel
forgot to give the present to his sister.]
Las flores son
para la señora Rodríguez.
[The flowers are for Mrs Rodriguez.]